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Dr. Leila Chow

3 minutes reading time (589 words)

Breast Cancer Metastasis and Eye Exams

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October is no longer just an orange and black month in the spirit of Halloween. October is also a pink month—October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month. October is the month when major campaigns to promote early detection of breast cancer with screening mammograms and monthly self-breast exams and fundraising campaigns to fund breast cancer research occur.

Breast cancer affects 1 out of 8 or 12% of women over the course of her lifetime and 99% of breast cancer cases are in women. Approximately 85% of breast cancers occur in women who have no family history of breast cancer. The most significant risk factors for breast cancer are gender (female) and aging. It has been estimated that 316,120 new cases of breast cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2017.

Breast cancer is often categorized in Stages from 0 – 4, with Stage 0 being non-invasive (in situ) and Stages 1 – 4 being invasive. Approximately 80% of the new cases are invasive breast cancer (Stages 1 – 4). Stage 4 breast cancer is also known as metastatic breast cancer which is breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. About 6 percent of new breast cancer diagnosis in women is metastatic. Most cases of metastatic breast cancer are recurrences of previously treated early stage breast cancer. Metastatic breast cancer will usually spread to bones, lungs, liver or brain and in some instances, to the eye.

Metastatic tumors seen in the eye are usually spread from the primary cancer site through the bloodstream to the vascular layer of the eye called the uvea and specifically the choroid (the largest part of the uvea) and the iris; approximately 89% of the eye tumors are located in the choroid. Some of the symptoms for metastatic eye tumor are blurry vision, double vision, distortion of vision, floaters, droopy eyelid and headache.

Metastatic eye tumors are rare but they may be the first indication of metastatic cancer or may even lead to the first diagnosis of cancer. A dilated eye exam at least once a year is recommended for all cancer survivors, who may have been treated with medications that could potentially have long-term toxicity to the eye. Additionally, patients who were treated with radiation may be at risk for cataract and dry eye. A dilated eye exam may be “inconvenient” or a nuisance, but it can be the difference between detecting a metastatic eye lesion or not.


References

  1. Freedman MI, Folk JC: Metastatic tumors to the eye and orbit. Patient survival and clinical characteristics. Arch Opththalmol. 1987 Sep; 105(9):1215-9.
  2. Konstantinos IP, Sinha A, Ioannidis AS, Davidson NG: Ocular metastases from HER2 positive breast carcinoma and the response to combination therapy with Paclitaxel and Trastuzumab: a case report. Cases Journal 2009 2:9143.
  3. Eckardt AM, Rana M, Essig H, Gellrich N: Orbital metastases as first sign of metastatic spread in breast cancer: Case report and review of the literature. Head Neck Oncol. 2011; 3:37.
  4. Finger, P: Choroidal Metastasis, https://eyecancer.com/eye-cancer/conditions/choroidal-tumors/choroidal-metastasis/
  5. Arepalli S, Kaliki S, Shields CL: Choroidal metastases: Origin features, and therapy. Indian J Ophthalmol 2015 Feb; 63(2): 122-127.
  6. Seddik Y, Brahmi SA, Al-Jarroundi O, Chacha R, Barabino AD, Ruck S, Afquir S: Choroidal Metastasis as a First Sign of Recurrence in a Patient with Breast Cancer: A Case Report. https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/choroidal-metastasis-as-a-first-sign-of-recurrence-in-a-patient-with-breast-cancer-a-case-report-.php?aid=80620.
  7. Susan G. Komen: Treatments for Metastatic Breast Cancer. http://ww5.komen.org/BreastCancer/RecommendedTreatmentsforMetastaticBreastCancer.html.
  8. Park C, Sinha N, Shields CL: Breast Cancer Metastasis to the Eye: Facts and Figures, Retina Today, March 2010.
  9. Gombos D, Garvin L: Metastatic Eye Cancer, https://www.mdanderson.org/transcripts/cancer-newsline/2010/transcript-8-02-10---metastatic-eye-cancer.html
  10. Metastatic Breast Cancer. http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org

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Comments 7

Guest - Paul Morrison on Monday, 23 April 2018 10:58

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immediately my wife started using the oil, it been two months now,
since my wife has been using the medication oil and the cancerous
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this piece of testimony for the sake of those people who need this oil
to please don’t die in their silence, there is a cure for your cancer
today and get the oil. To place your order
Email him on:
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My wife was diagnosed with a cancer, ( before i learnt of Rick Simpsons oil / RSO ) the hospital said to do chemotherapy and radiotherapy.. she did.. and went through a lot.. but no cure, after a while the doctors said the cancer was spreading and we could look for alternatives.. i searched the internet and found out about the oil.. asked alot of questions.. watched the videos etc.. we made the oil our selves but it couldn’t just work out we were doing more harm than good and the cancer was still there spreading, i searched more on the internet i found a testimony on how a lady got the oil via an email immediately copied the email: i wrote to this very email and in an hour later i got a reply back asking me some few questions, and enlightened me on how to get the oil in the next 48hours, i placed my order and in the next 48hours the medication oil got to us. immediately my wife started using the oil, it been two months now, since my wife has been using the medication oil and the cancerous problems are gone this very fact was clarified by the doctor. i put up this piece of testimony for the sake of those people who need this oil to please don’t die in their silence, there is a cure for your cancer today and get the oil. To place your order Email him on: Whatsapp: +2349032582239
Guest - SALLY on Tuesday, 30 October 2018 12:16

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God bless Dr. ozman for his marvelous work in my life, I was diagnosed of HIV since 2010 and I was taking my medications, I wasn’t satisfied i needed to get the HIV. out of my system, I searched about some possible cure for HIV i saw a comment about Dr. ozman, how he cured HIV with his herbal medicine, I contacted him and he guided me. I asked for solutions, he started the remedy for my health, he sent me the medicine through UPS SPEED POST. I took the medicine as prescribed by him and 8 days later i was cured from HIV,thank you Dr ozman ONCE AGAIN THANK YOU SIR contact him whatsapp number +2349061515609 1 cancer cure 2 HPV cure 3 ringing ear 4 herpes cure 5 fabriod 6 HPV cure 7 diabetes cure
Guest - mrs marian on Saturday, 03 November 2018 16:35


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Its a pleasure for me to write this testimony about this wonderful thing that happened to me last week on how i got my HIV aids cured, i have been reading so-many post of some people who were cured of HIV, but i never believed them, I was hurt and depressed so I was too curious and wanted to try dr.idedia then i contacted him on his email on when i contact him, he assured me 100% that he will heal me, i pleaded with him to help me out, its a great success that he healed just as he promised, he told me that in three days time that i should go and check on my HIV status, I was floored that when i went to the hospital to check of my status that i was HIV negative, i never thought possible that dr. idedia can do miracles, i never really believed in magic but I played along with a little hope and faith and after everything but dr Idedia changed my life and made me a true believer you can contact him on or whattsapp Number: +2349074505296 or visit his blog http://dridediatraditionalhealinghome.blogspot.com so he can help you out. he said that he is also specialize on the following diseases: HERPES, HIV, ALS, HPV, DIABETES, HEPATITIS B, CANCER,SICKLE CELL, VIRGINAL DRYNESS, And Bring Back Yours Ex back.
Guest - monica armando on Monday, 23 April 2018 22:08

My names are monica john I’m a citizen of United Kingdom, My younger sister was sicking of breast cancer and her name is charlie Sandra I and my family have taking her to all kind of hospital in UK still yet no good result. I decided to go to the internet and search for cancer cure so that was how I find a lady called smith Lizzy she was testifies to the world about the goodness of a herbal man who has the root and half to cure all kind of disease and the herbal man email was there. So I decided to contact the herbal man for my younger sister help to cure her breast cancer. I contacted him and told him my problem he told me that I should not worry that my sister cancer will be cure, he told me that there is a medicine that he is going to give me that I will cook it and give it to my sister to drink for one week, so I ask how can I receive the cure that I am in UK, he told me That I will pay for the delivery service. The courier service can transport it to me so he told me the amount I will pay, so my dad paid for the delivery fee. two days later I receive the cure from the courier service so I used it as the herbal man instructed me to, before the week complete my sister cancer was healed and it was like a dream to me not knowing that it was physical I and my family were very happy about the miracle of Doctor so my dad wanted to pay him 5 million us dollars the herbal man did not accept the offer from my dad, but I don't know why he didn't accept the offer, he only say that I should tell the world about him and his miracle he perform so am now here to tell the world about him if you or your relative is having any kind of disease that you can't get from the hospital please contact or call he will help you out with the problem

My names are monica john I’m a citizen of United Kingdom, My younger sister was sicking of breast cancer and her name is charlie Sandra I and my family have taking her to all kind of hospital in UK still yet no good result. I decided to go to the internet and search for cancer cure so that was how I find a lady called smith Lizzy she was testifies to the world about the goodness of a herbal man who has the root and half to cure all kind of disease and the herbal man email was there. So I decided to contact the herbal man for my younger sister help to cure her breast cancer. I contacted him and told him my problem he told me that I should not worry that my sister cancer will be cure, he told me that there is a medicine that he is going to give me that I will cook it and give it to my sister to drink for one week, so I ask how can I receive the cure that I am in UK, he told me That I will pay for the delivery service. The courier service can transport it to me so he told me the amount I will pay, so my dad paid for the delivery fee. two days later I receive the cure from the courier service so I used it as the herbal man instructed me to, before the week complete my sister cancer was healed and it was like a dream to me not knowing that it was physical I and my family were very happy about the miracle of Doctor so my dad wanted to pay him 5 million us dollars the herbal man did not accept the offer from my dad, but I don't know why he didn't accept the offer, he only say that I should tell the world about him and his miracle he perform so am now here to tell the world about him if you or your relative is having any kind of disease that you can't get from the hospital please contact or call he will help you out with the problem
Guest - david clara on Wednesday, 16 May 2018 14:53

WHAT A GREAT MIRACLE THAT I HAVE EVER SEE IN MY LIFE. My names are David
Clara I’m a citizen of USA, My younger sister was sicking of
breast cancer and her name is David Sandra I and my family have taking her
to all kind of hospital in USA still yet no good result. I decided to go to
the internet and search for cancer cure so that was how I find a lady
called peter Lizzy she was testifies to the world about the goodness of a
herbal man who has the root and half to cure all kind of disease and the
herbal man email was there. So I decided to contact the herbal man for my
younger sister help to cure her breast cancer. I contacted him and told him
my problem he told me that I should not worry that my sister cancer will be
cure, he told me that there is a medicine that he is going to give me that
I will cook it and give it to my sister to drink for one week, so I ask how
can I receive the cure that I am in USA, he told me

That I will pay for the delivery service. The courier service can
transport it to me so he told me the amount I will pay, so my dad paid for
the delivery fee. two days later I receive the cure from the courier
service so I used it as the herbal man instructed me to, before the week
complete my sister cancer was healed and it was like a dream to me not
knowing that it was physical I and my family were very happy about the
miracle of Doctor so my dad wanted to pay him 5 million us dollars the
herbal man did not accept the offer from my dad, but I don't know why he
didn't accept the offer, he only say that I should tell the world about him
and his miracle he perform so am now here to tell the world about him if
you or your relative is having any kind of disease that you can't get from
the hospital please contact or whatsapp him
+2348110114739 for the cure, he will help you out with the
problem. And if you need more information about the doctor you can mail me
or whatsApp me +1(209)2621918

WHAT A GREAT MIRACLE THAT I HAVE EVER SEE IN MY LIFE. My names are David Clara I’m a citizen of USA, My younger sister was sicking of breast cancer and her name is David Sandra I and my family have taking her to all kind of hospital in USA still yet no good result. I decided to go to the internet and search for cancer cure so that was how I find a lady called peter Lizzy she was testifies to the world about the goodness of a herbal man who has the root and half to cure all kind of disease and the herbal man email was there. So I decided to contact the herbal man for my younger sister help to cure her breast cancer. I contacted him and told him my problem he told me that I should not worry that my sister cancer will be cure, he told me that there is a medicine that he is going to give me that I will cook it and give it to my sister to drink for one week, so I ask how can I receive the cure that I am in USA, he told me That I will pay for the delivery service. The courier service can transport it to me so he told me the amount I will pay, so my dad paid for the delivery fee. two days later I receive the cure from the courier service so I used it as the herbal man instructed me to, before the week complete my sister cancer was healed and it was like a dream to me not knowing that it was physical I and my family were very happy about the miracle of Doctor so my dad wanted to pay him 5 million us dollars the herbal man did not accept the offer from my dad, but I don't know why he didn't accept the offer, he only say that I should tell the world about him and his miracle he perform so am now here to tell the world about him if you or your relative is having any kind of disease that you can't get from the hospital please contact or whatsapp him +2348110114739 for the cure, he will help you out with the problem. And if you need more information about the doctor you can mail me or whatsApp me +1(209)2621918
Guest - David clara on Wednesday, 20 June 2018 12:49

WHAT A GREAT MIRACLE THAT I HAVE EVER SEE IN MY LIFE. My names are David
Clara I’m a citizen of USA, My younger sister was sicking of
breast cancer and her name is David Sandra I and my family have taking her
to all kind of hospital in USA still yet no good result. I decided to go to
the internet and search for cancer cure so that was how I find a lady
called peter Lizzy she was testifies to the world about the goodness of a
herbal man who has the root and half to cure all kind of disease and the
herbal man email was there. So I decided to contact the herbal man for my
younger sister help to cure her breast cancer. I contacted him and told him
my problem he told me that I should not worry that my sister cancer will be
cure, he told me that there is a medicine that he is going to give me that
I will cook it and give it to my sister to drink for one week, so I ask how
can I receive the cure that I am in USA, he told me

That I will pay for the delivery service. The courier service can
transport it to me so he told me the amount I will pay, so my dad paid for
the delivery fee. two days later I receive the cure from the courier
service so I used it as the herbal man instructed me to, before the week
complete my sister cancer was healed and it was like a dream to me not
knowing that it was physical I and my family were very happy about the
miracle of Doctor so my dad wanted to pay him 5 million us dollars the
herbal man did not accept the offer from my dad, but I don't know why he
didn't accept the offer, he only say that I should tell the world about him
and his miracle he perform so am now here to tell the world about him if
you or your relative is having any kind of disease that you can't get from
the hospital please contact / drsakuraspellalter.wordpress.com or whatsapp him
+2348110114739 for the cure, he will help you out with the
problem. And if you need more information about the doctor you can mail me
or whatsApp me +1(209)2621918

WHAT A GREAT MIRACLE THAT I HAVE EVER SEE IN MY LIFE. My names are David Clara I’m a citizen of USA, My younger sister was sicking of breast cancer and her name is David Sandra I and my family have taking her to all kind of hospital in USA still yet no good result. I decided to go to the internet and search for cancer cure so that was how I find a lady called peter Lizzy she was testifies to the world about the goodness of a herbal man who has the root and half to cure all kind of disease and the herbal man email was there. So I decided to contact the herbal man for my younger sister help to cure her breast cancer. I contacted him and told him my problem he told me that I should not worry that my sister cancer will be cure, he told me that there is a medicine that he is going to give me that I will cook it and give it to my sister to drink for one week, so I ask how can I receive the cure that I am in USA, he told me That I will pay for the delivery service. The courier service can transport it to me so he told me the amount I will pay, so my dad paid for the delivery fee. two days later I receive the cure from the courier service so I used it as the herbal man instructed me to, before the week complete my sister cancer was healed and it was like a dream to me not knowing that it was physical I and my family were very happy about the miracle of Doctor so my dad wanted to pay him 5 million us dollars the herbal man did not accept the offer from my dad, but I don't know why he didn't accept the offer, he only say that I should tell the world about him and his miracle he perform so am now here to tell the world about him if you or your relative is having any kind of disease that you can't get from the hospital please contact / drsakuraspellalter.wordpress.com or whatsapp him +2348110114739 for the cure, he will help you out with the problem. And if you need more information about the doctor you can mail me or whatsApp me +1(209)2621918
Guest - robert mary on Thursday, 21 June 2018 05:36


WHAT A GREAT MIRACLE THAT I HAVE EVER SEE IN MY LIFE. My names are Robert Mary
I’m a citizen of United Kingdom, My younger sister was Sicking of
breast cancer and her name is Robert Jane, I and my family have taking
her to all kind of hospital in UK still yet no good result. I decided
to go to the internet and search for cancer cure so that was how I
find a lady called Sarah peter she was testifies to the world about
the goodness of a herbal man who has the root and half to cure all
kind of disease and the herbal email was there. So I decided to
contact the herbal man for my younger sister help to cure her breast
cancer. I contacted him and told him my problem he told me that I
should not worry that my sister cancer will be cure, he told me that
there is a medicine that he is going to give me that I will cook it
and give it to my sister to drink for one week, so I ask how can I
receive the cure that I am in UK, he told me
That I will pay for the delivery service. The courier service can
transport it to me so he told me the amount I will pay, so my dad paid
for the delivery fee. two days later I receive the cure from the
courier service so I used it as the herbal man instructed me to,
before the week complete my sister cancer was healed and it was like a
dream to me not knowing that it was physical I and my family were very
happy about the miracle of Doctor so my dad wanted to pay him 5
million us dollars the herbal man did not accept the offer from my dad,but I don't know why he did not accept the offer,he only said
I should tell the world about him and his miracle he perform so am now
here to tell the world about him if you or your relative is having any
kind of disease that you can't get from the hospital please contact
or WhatsApp him +2347067393105 for the cure, he will help you out
with the problems.To get more information you can message me via email

WHAT A GREAT MIRACLE THAT I HAVE EVER SEE IN MY LIFE. My names are Robert Mary I’m a citizen of United Kingdom, My younger sister was Sicking of breast cancer and her name is Robert Jane, I and my family have taking her to all kind of hospital in UK still yet no good result. I decided to go to the internet and search for cancer cure so that was how I find a lady called Sarah peter she was testifies to the world about the goodness of a herbal man who has the root and half to cure all kind of disease and the herbal email was there. So I decided to contact the herbal man for my younger sister help to cure her breast cancer. I contacted him and told him my problem he told me that I should not worry that my sister cancer will be cure, he told me that there is a medicine that he is going to give me that I will cook it and give it to my sister to drink for one week, so I ask how can I receive the cure that I am in UK, he told me That I will pay for the delivery service. The courier service can transport it to me so he told me the amount I will pay, so my dad paid for the delivery fee. two days later I receive the cure from the courier service so I used it as the herbal man instructed me to, before the week complete my sister cancer was healed and it was like a dream to me not knowing that it was physical I and my family were very happy about the miracle of Doctor so my dad wanted to pay him 5 million us dollars the herbal man did not accept the offer from my dad,but I don't know why he did not accept the offer,he only said I should tell the world about him and his miracle he perform so am now here to tell the world about him if you or your relative is having any kind of disease that you can't get from the hospital please contact or WhatsApp him +2347067393105 for the cure, he will help you out with the problems.To get more information you can message me via email
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Wednesday, 21 November 2018

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